Download e-book for kindle: The Emergence of Christianity (Greenwood Guides to Historic by Cynthia White

By Cynthia White

ISBN-10: 0313327998

ISBN-13: 9780313327995

The old Romans believed that in basic terms right polytheistic worship may perhaps hold the pax Romana, or Roman Peace. within the first century A.D., a splinter sect of Judaism started to crack this wall, bringing upheaval, persecution, and conversion into the lives of Romans, Jews, Christians, and pagans. This interesting quantity explores the emergence of Christianity in Rome through the first 4 centuries of the Greco-Roman empire, from the 1st fans of Jesus Christ, to conflicts among Christians and Jewish kings less than Roman career, to the torture of Christian fans, Diocletian's reforms, and Constantine's eventual conversion to monotheism, which cemented Christianity's prestige because the legit faith of Rome.

Supplemented via pictures, fundamental record excerpts, biographies of key figures, a thesaurus, an annotated bibliography and an index, this quantity is a perfect reference resource for college students and common readers alike.

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Extra resources for The Emergence of Christianity (Greenwood Guides to Historic Events of the Ancient World)

Example text

For Trajan, as for his successor Hadrian, Christianity was no crime as long as Christians participated in the worship of the state gods. 6). Among the Flavians, Domitian accused Christians of atheism for refusing to worship him as a god. He also prosecuted members of his family in the imperial court for Judaizing, that is, worshipping and living like Jews but refusing to pay the fiscus Iudaicus, the tax for the Temple in Jerusalem. Many scholars interpret this to mean that those who refused to pay the tax were not really Jews, but seemed to be to those who could not distinguish between Christians and Jews.

Constantine adapted the vital tenet—quid pro quo—of polytheism to Christianity. He attempted to unify the empire in a single religious experience that had widespread appeal. The divinity, pleased by the broad worship, would (he anticipated) respond favorably. By establishing Christianity as a state religion and by inaugurating a vast and splendid Christian building program that invited all levels of society to convert, Constantine reestablished the old polytheistic pattern of common rituals and shared values.

By imperial decree, the Christians were freed from persecution and from the enforced worship of the mos maiorum of Greco-Roman culture. , Maxentius, the son of the former Augustus Maximian, at first seemed to be the stronger contender. Over Constantine, the son of Constantius and Minervina, a tavern keeper, he could claim that he was the legitimate son of an emperor; and, too, he was married to the daughter of Galerius, Augustus in the east. Moreover, he had the support of Rome, still a glorious and formidable power (at least nominally) and fractious in response to the steady diminution of its political clout under the tetrarchs.

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The Emergence of Christianity (Greenwood Guides to Historic Events of the Ancient World) by Cynthia White


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