By Roland J. Teske
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Extra info for Augustine of Hippo: Philosopher, Exegete and Theologian: A Second Collection of Essays (Marquette Studies in Philosophy)
Yet God cannot create in a better way than he has, since he creates with his infinite goodness and wisdom, though he can create better things 61 than he does. This universe, given the beings that it contains, could not be better, though God could make other beings or add more beings to those he has made so that there would be another and better 62 universe. , p. 117. “... ” 57 Confessions VII, 12, 18. T. I, q. 25, a. 6 ad 3um. , corpus. 60 Ibid. , ad 1um. , ad 3um. 52 Augustine Of Hippo: Philosopher, Exegete & Theologian 63 been made better than God has made it.
5. 15 David Hume, An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding, ed. L. A. Selby-Bigge, 2nd ed. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1902), Section VIII, Part II, pp. 98–99. 16 Flew, Presumption, p. 99. ” II. Augustine’s Version of the Free Will Defense At the beginning of Book One of De libero arbitrio, Augustine distinguishes two senses of evil. We speak of someone doing evil and of someone suffering evil. The Augustinian version of the free will defense is directly concerned only with doing evil, though we do some18 times suffer evil as a result of having done evil.
31 This point is, I believe, extremely important. For, first of all, if one is dealing with a set of claims that seem inconsistent, one can alleviate the inconsistency by rejecting any one of the claims. If one is not committed to the theistic claims about God, it will seem easiest to reject some or all of those claims. But what is more important is that the view that evil is a privation of good seems to be a direct consequence of the theistic view of God as infinite creator of all else. Hence, if Augustine establishes that God exists and is the source of all else, then evil cannot be something positive.
Augustine of Hippo: Philosopher, Exegete and Theologian: A Second Collection of Essays (Marquette Studies in Philosophy) by Roland J. Teske