By Chase Robinson
'Abd al-Malik, who got here to prominence throughout the moment civil struggle of early Islam, governed the Islamic empire from 692 till 705. not just did he effectively suppress uprising in the Muslim international and extend its frontiers, yet in lots of respects he based the empire itself. by way of approximately seven hundred, the types of a brand new realm, which stretched from North Arica within the west to Iran within the east, has taken transparent form with 'Abd al-Malik at its head. This booklet covers the beginnings and upward push to energy of this immensely influential caliph, in addition to his non secular rules and thoughts, his financial, administrative and army reforms, and his legacy, together with the Dome of the Rock, the oldest surviving huge development erected through Muslims.
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Additional resources for Abd al-Malik
As a member of the Quraysh, Ibn al-Zubayr thus enjoyed a very advantageous tribal affiliation. Even so, there were lots of Qurashis, and what made Ibn al-Zubayr special were his flawless credentials as an early and committed Muslim. Ibn al-Zubayr had had the great fortune to have been born in about 624, some eight years before Muhammad’s death. The timing was doubly significant. First, he could be counted amongst those old enough to remember Muhammad’s words and deeds. He was thus a Companion of the Prophet, and although we cannot be sure if this term was in operation in this sense in the seventh century, we can still be sure that having direct memory of Muhammad meant a great deal.
Al-Hajjaj b. Yusuf Governor in Iraq and then the East for ‘Abd al-Malik and al-Walid from 693. Hijaz The part of western Arabia where Mecca and Medina are located. Ibn al-Ash‘ath Commander and rebel. Ibn al-Zubayr Companion of the Prophet and caliph (r. 683–692). imam Leader endowed with religious authority. jihad fighting on behalf of God; holy war. Kharijites Sectarian rebels against Umayyad rule. Marwan ‘Abd al-Malik’s father and eponym of Marwanids. Marwanids Family of the clan of Umayyads named after ‘Abd al-Malik’s father.
All manner of local traditions continued, virtually unaffected by the fact that Muslim rather than Byzantine or Sasanian tax agents collected taxes or tribute. Some 1300 years after the events in question, it must also be conceded that we cannot know how much of the change effected during ‘Abd al-Malik’s reign began with him or with his ruling elite, however widely or narrowly we may wish to define it. We cannot capture ‘Abd al-Malik’s thinking. Here, as in many other respects, our evidence fails us.
Abd al-Malik by Chase Robinson