By Peter Connolly
The note 'yoga' inspires within the minds of many Westerners photographs of individuals appearing workouts and adopting strange, occasionally contortive postures. Such routines and postures do have a spot in the perform of yoga, however it is way greater than that. certainly, the early literature on yoga describes and defines it as a kind of psychological instead of actual self-discipline. Yoga is usually linked to the Indian subcontinent and the religions of Hinduism and Buddhism. This revised variation of a vintage textbook concentrates at the evolution of yoga within the context of Indian tradition, although the ultimate chapters additionally discover a few of its hyperlinks with non-Indian mystical traditions and a few of its advancements outdoor of India in the course of the smooth interval. The publication is geared toward either collage scholars taking classes in Comparative faith and Philosophy and practitioners of yoga who search to move past the job and discover its religious dimensions. for this reason, it offers yoga within the context of its historic evolution in India and seeks to provide an explanation for the character of its institutions with a number of metaphysical doctrines. The paintings additionally attracts upon a couple of conceptual schemes designed to facilitate comparative research. a few of these are hired during the e-book with a view to hyperlink the fabric from each one bankruptcy jointly inside a standard framework. This variation comprises revisions and expansions to so much chapters and includes one new bankruptcy at the way forward for sleek yoga within the West
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Additional resources for A Student's Guide to the History and Philosophy of Yoga, Revised Edition
Aitareyins, Jaimin∂yas: TIME °Rgveda Såmaveda Yajurveda (Black) Yajurveda (White) Early Chåndogya Taittir∂ya Bæhadåraƒyaka (TåƒŒins) Kena (Taittir∂yakas) (Våjasaneyins) Aitareya Prose (Aitareyins) Kau¶∂taki Atharvaveda (Kau¶∂takins) (Jaimin∂yas) Middle Ka¢haka Verse (Ka¢has) (Våjasaneyins) Mahånåråyaƒa Later Prose ∫¶å MuƒŒaka (Taittir∂yakas) Maitråyan∂ya MåƒŒµukya (Maitråyan∂yas) ›vetå‹vatara Pra‹na (Ka¢has) This arrangement highlights the linkages between different Upani¶ads and, most interesting in terms of yoga philosophy, shows that the Upani¶ads in which yoga is described in most detail: the Ka¢ha, Maitr∂ and ›vetå‹vatara are all attached to the Black Yajurveda.
His evolutionary notions have been rejected by most scholars, though the phenomenon itself can be clearly discerned in the Vedic hymns, as this extract from one of the oldest sections reveals: 26 A STUDENTíS GUIDE TO THE HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF YOGA Hero of Heroes, Agni! Thou art Indra, thou art Vi¶ƒu of the mighty stride, adorable: Thou, Brahmaƒaspati, the Brahman finding wealth: thou, O Sustainer, with thy wisdom tendest us. Agni, thou art King Varuƒa whose laws stand fast; as Mitra, Wonder-Worker, thou must be implored.
7 states: those who are of pleasant conduct hereóthe prospect is, indeed, that they will enter a pleasant womb, either the womb of a Bråhman, or the womb of a Kshatriya, or the womb of a Vai‹ya. 16 By employing the two concepts of karma and sa√såra, the Upani¶ads are able to explain both the nature of the human condition and the reason why there is such diversity in the life experiences of human beings: different actions produce different results and hence destinies. They seek to go beyond simple YOGA IN THE TEXTS OF THE VEDA 37 explanation, however, and offer a way to go beyond the cycle of rebirth.
A Student's Guide to the History and Philosophy of Yoga, Revised Edition by Peter Connolly