A Hidden Workforce: Homeworkers in England, 1850–1985 by Shelley Pennington PDF

By Shelley Pennington

ISBN-10: 0333432975

ISBN-13: 9780333432976

ISBN-10: 1349198544

ISBN-13: 9781349198542

Homeworkers are typically girls who paintings of their personal houses for an out of doors business enterprise and are paid on a one-piece foundation. The paintings is generally unskilled and of a run of the mill and repetitive nature. the commercial prestige of the homeworker has little or not anything in universal with the self reliant craftsman operating in his own residence earlier than the onset of industrialization; homeworkers paintings with no supervision and feature no genuine touch with their employers or sub-contractors other than while gathering or returning paintings. This quantity is an research of the commercial and social place of the predominantly woman labour strength of the homework industries from 1850 to 1985. The textual content examines alterations that experience happened within the composition of the labour strength, the choices open to ladies and the kinds and geographical position of homework. The authors severely overview makes an attempt to enhance the placement of homeworkers and touch upon the clients for homeworking sooner or later.

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Extra resources for A Hidden Workforce: Homeworkers in England, 1850–1985

Sample text

Labour was more flexible than machinery and particularly so if it took the form of a glut of unskilled outdoor labour. Further, the whims of fashion could be shortIived and erratic and thus it would not have been profitable or feasible to attempt to cope with those changes through adaptation of machinery. The use of home-labour meant that the employer was not forced to stock-pile goods which might soon be out of fashion. It also spared him the cost of storage. One of the most important economic developments affecting the demand for home labour in the nineteenth century was the increase in consumer demand.

I should never have done that. They must've been desperate. They were hard times then, you know. During the second half of the nineteenth century there was a large supply of women who for a variety of reasons could not, or did not wish to, work outside the home. Many of these were married women whose mobility was greatly restricted by their husbands' economic and social status and their domestic responsibilities. The majority of women were not trained for any particular trade, but they could usually turn their hand to homework,.

Why did homework not only survive under the new economic conditions but actually increased in a number of industries and trades during the nineteenth century? Finally, what factors were responsible for the demise of many of the home industries during the latter part of the nineteenth century? Let us look first of all at the question of mechanisation and its relevance to homework. The nineteenth century was a period of industrial expansion that inevitably altered organisation and techniques of production and provided the conditions in which a wide variety of forms of economic organisation could co-exist with a great variety of conditions of work.

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A Hidden Workforce: Homeworkers in England, 1850–1985 by Shelley Pennington


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