By David Arthur deSilva
This remark examines four Maccabees as a contribution to the continuing reformulation of Jewish id and perform within the Greek-speaking Diaspora. It analyzes the Jewish author’s interplay with, and facility in, Greek rhetorical conventions, moral philosophy, and literary tradition, giving recognition additionally to his use and interpretation of texts and traditions from the Jewish Scriptures and different Hellenistic Jewish writings. The statement shows the author’s skillful weaving jointly of a lot of these assets to create a textual content that translates the Torah-observant existence because the fullest embodiment of the easiest Greek moral beliefs. a particular function is the exam of the way the adventure of studying four Maccabees in Codex Sinaiticus differs from the adventure of examining the eclectic textual content.
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Additional resources for 4 Maccabees: Introduction And Commentary on the Greek Text in Codex Sinaiticus (Septuagint Commentary Series,)
In both 4 Maccabees and Martyrdom of Polycarp, the martyr takes the prize and is crowned with immortality (Mart. Poly. 17, 20; 4 Macc. 16:28; 17:12, 15). As martyrdom became a more pervasive challenge in the early church, one ﬁnds increasing attention being given to 4 Maccabees and to the resources it provides for promoting perseverance unto death and for speaking in honoriﬁc terms about the martyrs’ suﬀering and death. , draws at length from the story of the Maccabean martyrs in order to encourage Christians as they continue the contest for faith.
Xliv INTRODUCTION COMMENTARY [x] indicates a spelling error that could be corrected simply by supplying a missing letter. The most frequently appearing is [ε], indicating an epsilon omitted due to itacism.
Origen consistently uses the term “athlete” (ἀθλητής), and even the phrase “noble athlete” (γεvvαῖoς ἀθλητής; see 4 Macc 6:10), to describe the martyr as does the author of 4 Maccabees (6:10; 17:15, 16) but no New Testament author. Origen describes the seven brothers as “devotees for piety” (εὐσεβείας ἀσκηταί, Exh. 23, 27–28; 4 Macc 12:11) and “contestants for virtues,” an echo of 4 Macc 12:14 (τῆς ἀρετῆς ἀγωvισταί). Origen and 4 Maccabees both call attention to the fact that watching beloved brothers suﬀer torture and death was part of the ordeal for each (Exh.
4 Maccabees: Introduction And Commentary on the Greek Text in Codex Sinaiticus (Septuagint Commentary Series,) by David Arthur deSilva